Your photo is so close to the component I cannot tell were we're at under the hood........step back and try again.
I agree with above.....my first thought is the A/C junction block.......that's why I asked for a step back photo.
That's the temperature control thermostat for the Automatic transmission auxillary cooler that's part of the 1.4L Turbo. I believe Alldata calls it a thermo connector.
The intent is to block off the aux tranny cooler when the engine is cold to allow all fluid to warm up under a cold condition. It's the same reason why the 1.4L Automatic will not shift into 6th gear when it's cold until minimum temperatures have been reached. If you live in an area above 32F, you probably have never seen this issue occur.
Do you have the full bumper cover off to see this part, or are you looking from under the car? I'm guessing the bumper cover, or maybe even the fender is off to get that shot.
I wonder if this is another poster, "rebuilding" a 1.4L that's seen front end damage.